Acupuncture, an ancient practice rooted in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), involves the insertion of fine needles into specific points on the body to promote healing and balance. These points, known as acupuncture points or acupoints, are strategically located along meridians, or energy pathways, that run throughout the body.

Each acupuncture point corresponds to different organs and physiological functions, offering a variety of health benefits. Understanding these key acupuncture points and their functions can provide valuable insights into how acupuncture works and how it can be used to address various health issues.

Major Acupuncture Points and Functions

1. LI4 (Hegu) – Hand

Location: On the back of the hand, between the thumb and index finger.

Functions: LI4 is one of the most commonly used points in acupuncture. It is known for its ability to alleviate pain, reduce headaches, and treat stress and anxiety. It also helps with conditions like colds and flu, as it can boost the immune system.

2. ST36 (Zusanli) – Lower Leg

Location: On the lower leg, about four finger-widths below the kneecap, one finger-width lateral to the anterior crest of the tibia.

Functions: ST36 is a powerful point for digestive health, boosting energy, and enhancing overall vitality. It can treat gastrointestinal issues such as bloating, constipation, and diarrhea. Additionally, it is used to strengthen the immune system and improve general well-being.

3. SP6 (Sanyinjiao) – Inner Leg

Location: On the inner side of the leg, about three finger-widths above the ankle, close to the tibia.

Functions: SP6 is known for its benefits in gynecological and reproductive health. It can help regulate menstrual cycles, alleviate menstrual pain, and support fertility. Moreover, it is effective in treating urinary disorders and digestive issues.

4. GB20 (Fengchi) – Skull

Location: At the base of the skull, in the hollows on either side of the neck.

Functions: GB20 is excellent for treating headaches, migraines, neck pain, and tension. It also aids in alleviating symptoms of the common cold, flu, and sinusitis. This point is used to reduce stress and improve mental clarity.

5. PC6 (Neiguan) – Inner Forearm

Location: On the inner forearm, about two finger-widths above the wrist crease, between the two tendons.

Functions: PC6 is a key point for treating nausea and vomiting, whether due to pregnancy, motion sickness, or chemotherapy. It is also beneficial for calming the mind, reducing anxiety, and alleviating chest pain and palpitations.

6. LV3 (Taichong) – Foot

Location: On the top of the foot, in the depression between the first and second toes.

Functions: LV3 is widely used for its ability to regulate liver function and alleviate stress and tension. It helps in treating headaches, dizziness, and eye issues. Additionally, it is used to address menstrual problems and digestive disorders.

7. HT7 (Shenmen) – Wrist

Location: On the wrist, at the ulnar end of the wrist crease.

Functions: HT7 is known for its calming effects on the mind and is often used to treat insomnia, anxiety, and emotional disturbances. It also supports heart health and can help alleviate palpitations.

The Point of Acupuncture Points

Acupuncture points, each with its specific location and function, offer a natural and holistic approach to health and healing. By targeting these points, acupuncturists can stimulate the body’s self-healing mechanisms, addressing a wide range of physical and emotional issues. 

Whether it’s for pain relief, digestive health, stress management, or overall well-being, utilizing key acupuncture points can significantly enhance one’s health and quality of life.

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